The Atkins diet seemed at some point to be one of the easiest diets ever. Officially named Atkins Nutritional Approach, this low carbs plan was invented by Robert Atkins, thus, the name of it. The creator of the program stated that he first used it to lose weight himself, as he was overweight. In 1972, he penned his first book, Dr. Atkins’ Diet Revolution and in 2002 he released Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Revolution, where he brought modifications, but still used the same principles and Atkins diet food list as in the first. His plan included carbs, but in a limited consumption. According to Dr. Atkins, the body should metabolize body fat and transform it to energy, instead of metabolizing glucose into energy. The name of this process, described by him in the plan is ketosis. It only begins when the body has low levels of insulin. In his second book, Atkins made some controversial affirmations, stating that those who rely on his plan can eat how much they want.
However, Forbes made recently a study regarding the program and discovered that following the plan is extremely expensive. People from the magazine also concluded that some ingredients were included in the menu only to make it more variate, like lobster tails. Another study made by Dansinger and Colleagues made a comparison between Atkins, the Zone diet, Weight Watchers and Ornish. 247 individuals were separated in groups and each group followed the diet for an entire year. All individuals were overweight and also had a high risk to develop heart diseases. Through the year, all the people were weighted after 2, 6 and 12 months since the beginning of the diet. They also also offered blood samples.
At the end of the year, all people lost weight, but there were not many differences between their diets. The plan is also contested by Dr. Robert Eckel who works for the American Heart Association. According to him, a plan consisting of many proteins and low carbohydrates is very dangerous for the heart. Obesity Research is a scientific journal in which a study on the program was published. Apparently, the initial important weight loss is the result of water loss. After the first period, the body reacts to this regimen as to any other plan who have a similar caloric intake with this, suggested by him.